This book argues that the European Union (EU) had an impact on institutional reform processes in North Africa in cases where major domestic actors agreed. I analyze how political actors
in Morocco used EU neighborhood policies to shape economic and environmental policy between 1995 and 2008. It was not the design of the EU‘s neighborhood policies but rather the will of change of
domestic actors in Morocco that determined the pace, direction of reform and the extent to which the EU continues to play a role in them. While Moroccan politics were indeed “europeanized” it
highlights the role of domestic actors who so effectively managed to put forth their own policy priorities and essentially “morocconized” the ENP.